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Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells Promote Host Defense against Acute Pneumovirus Infection via the TLR7-MyD88-Dependent Signaling Pathway

Davidson, Sophia; Kaiko, Gerard E; Loh, Zhixuan; Lalwani, Amit; Zhang, Vivian; Spann, Kristen; Foo, Shen Yun; Hansbro, Nicole; Uematsu, Satoshi; Akira, Shizuo; Matthaei, Klaus; Rosenberg, Helene F; Foster, Paul S; Phipps, Simon


Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants. In human infants, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) are recruited to the nasal compartment during infection and initiate host defense through the secretion of type I IFN, IL-12, and IL-6. However, RSV-infected pDC are refractory to TLR7-mediated activation. In this study, we used the rodent-specific pathogen, pneumonia virus of mice (PVM), to determine the contribution of pDC and TLR7...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2011
Type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Immunology
DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1002635


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