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The effects of light and noise from urban development on biodiversity: Implications for protected areas in Australia

Newport, Jenny; Shorthouse, David; Manning, Adrian

Description

Global population growth and associated urban development are having profound effects on biodiversity. Two major outcomes of expanding development that affect wildlife are light and noise pollution. In this paper, we review literature reporting the effects of light and noise on biodiversity, and assess implications for conservation planning in Australia. Our results clearly indicate that light and noise pollution have the potential to affect the physiology, behaviour and reproduction of a range...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorNewport, Jenny
dc.contributor.authorShorthouse, David
dc.contributor.authorManning, Adrian
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:24:01Z
dc.identifier.issn1442-7001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/67059
dc.description.abstractGlobal population growth and associated urban development are having profound effects on biodiversity. Two major outcomes of expanding development that affect wildlife are light and noise pollution. In this paper, we review literature reporting the effects of light and noise on biodiversity, and assess implications for conservation planning in Australia. Our results clearly indicate that light and noise pollution have the potential to affect the physiology, behaviour and reproduction of a range of animal taxa. Types of effects include changes in foraging and reproductive behaviours, reduction in animal fitness, increased risk of predation and reduced reproductive success. These could have flow-on consequences at the population and ecosystem levels. We found a significant gap in knowledge of the impact of these pollutants on Australian fauna. To reduce the effect of light and noise pollution, there needs to be careful planning of urban areas in relation to protected areas, and for biodiversity more generally. Potential measures include strategically planning the types of development and associated human activities adjacent to protected areas, and the use of shields and barriers, such as covers for lights or the use of dense native vegetation screens, while still allowing movement of animals. Changes in government standards and regulations could also help to reduce the impacts of light and noise pollution.
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
dc.sourceEcological Management and Restoration
dc.titleThe effects of light and noise from urban development on biodiversity: Implications for protected areas in Australia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume15
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor050205 - Environmental Management
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB1390
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationNewport, Jenny, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationShorthouse, David, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationManning, Adrian, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage204
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage214
local.identifier.doi10.1111/emr.12120
local.identifier.absseo960805 - Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
dc.date.updated2015-12-10T10:43:36Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84925844080
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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