Discovery of pyrazines as pollinator sex pheromones and orchid semiochemicals: implications for the evolution of sexual deception
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Bohman, Bjorn; Phillips, Ryan; Menz, Myles H.M.; Berntsson, Benjamin; Flematti, Gavin; Barrow, Russell; Dixon, Kingsley; Peakall, Rodney
Summary: Sexually deceptive orchids employ floral volatiles to sexually lure their specific pollinators. How and why this pollination system has evolved independently on multiple continents remains unknown, although preadaptation is considered to have been important. Understanding the chemistry of sexual deception is a crucial first step towards solving this mystery. The combination of gas chromatography-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD), GC-MS, synthesis and field bioassays allowed us...[Show more]
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