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Climate change refugia for terrestrial biodiversity

Reside, April E.; VanDerWal, Jeremy; Phillips, Benjamin; Shoo, L.P.; Rosauer, Dan; Anderson, Barbara J.; Welbergen, Justin; Ferrier, Simon; Harwood, Thomas D.; Williams, Kristen J.; Mackey, Brendan; Hugh, Sonia; Williams, Stephen E.; Moritz, Craig

Description

This study identified refuges for biodiversity across Australia in areas with the least expected change, that will retain biodiversity and provide opportunities for added species in the next 75 years. We are currently facing the likelihood of severe climate change before the close of the century. In the face of such a global driver of species loss, we urgently need to identify refugia that will shelter species from the worst impacts of climate change. This will be a critical component of...[Show more]; We are currently facing the likelihood of severe climate change before the close of the century. In the face of such a global driver of species loss, we urgently need to identify refugia that will shelter species from the worst impacts of climate change. This will be a critical component of successful conservation and management of our biodiversity. Despite this, little is known about how best to identify refugia in the landscape, and the practical strategies needed to identify, protect and...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorReside, April E.
dc.contributor.authorVanDerWal, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorShoo, L.P.
dc.contributor.authorRosauer, Dan
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Barbara J.
dc.contributor.authorWelbergen, Justin
dc.contributor.authorFerrier, Simon
dc.contributor.authorHarwood, Thomas D.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Kristen J.
dc.contributor.authorMackey, Brendan
dc.contributor.authorHugh, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Stephen E.
dc.contributor.authorMoritz, Craig
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:18:58Z
dc.identifier.citationReside, AE, VanDerWal, J, Phillips, BL, Shoo, LP, Rosauer, DF, Anderson, BJ, Welbergen, JA, Moritz, C, Ferrier, S, Harwood, TD, Williams, KJ, Mackey, B, Hugh, S, Williams, YM & Williams, SE 2013, Climate change refugia for terrestrial biodiversity: Defining areas that promote species persistence and ecosystem resilience in the face of global climate change, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, 216 pp., https://www.nccarf.edu.au/publications/climate-change-refugia-terrestrial-biodiversity
dc.identifier.isbn9781925039443
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/65864
dc.description.abstractThis study identified refuges for biodiversity across Australia in areas with the least expected change, that will retain biodiversity and provide opportunities for added species in the next 75 years. We are currently facing the likelihood of severe climate change before the close of the century. In the face of such a global driver of species loss, we urgently need to identify refugia that will shelter species from the worst impacts of climate change. This will be a critical component of successful conservation and management of our biodiversity. Despite this, little is known about how best to identify refugia in the landscape, and the practical strategies needed to identify, protect and expand refugia are just beginning to be developed. Identifying refugia that will protect most species, or large numbers of species, remains a complex and daunting endeavour due to the large variations in climatic and biotic requirements of species. A first step to identifying refugia for biodiversity across Australia is to locate the areas which show the least change into the future (i.e. the most environmentally stable), particularly along axes of temperature and precipitation. The second and crucial step is to identify the areas that will retain most of their biodiversity and provide opportunities for additional species to relocate to into the future. Using these approaches in this project, we take the first steps to identify refugial areas across the Australian continent under contemporary climate change scenarios. We find that the southern and eastern parts of the continent contain refugia that many species will retreat to over the next 75 years, but that the current reserve system may be inadequate to allow species to shift to and persist in these areas. Disturbingly, we also find that there is a large portion of the Australian vertebrate community for which adequate natural refugia do not appear to exist. Fine-scaled regional analyses will be required to clarify these broad findings, and we examine a number of case studies demonstrating how these regional analyses might best proceed. Lessons learnt across the multiple techniques employed in this study include: 1. High elevation areas are important refugia. 2. Tasmania and the east coast of mainland Australia contain most of the key areas for refugia into the future. 3. Results are dependent on which objectives, techniques, taxonomic groups and climate scenarios are used.
dc.description.abstractWe are currently facing the likelihood of severe climate change before the close of the century. In the face of such a global driver of species loss, we urgently need to identify refugia that will shelter species from the worst impacts of climate change. This will be a critical component of successful conservation and management of our biodiversity. Despite this, little is known about how best to identify refugia in the landscape, and the practical strategies needed to identify, protect and expand refugia are just beginning to be developed. Identifying refugia that will protect most species, or large numbers of species, remains a complex and daunting endeavour due to the large variations in climatic and biotic requirements of species. A first step to identifying refugia for biodiversity across Australia is to locate the areas which show the least change into the future (i.e. the most environmentally stable), particularly along axes of temperature and precipitation. The second and crucial step is to identify the areas that will retain most of their biodiversity and provide opportunities for additional species to relocate to into the future. Using these approaches in this project, we take the first steps to identify refugial areas across the Australian continent under contemporary climate change scenarios. We find that the southern and eastern parts of the continent contain refugia that many species will retreat to over the next 75 years, but that the current reserve system may be inadequate to allow species to shift to and persist in these areas. Disturbingly, we also find that there is a large portion of the Australian vertebrate community for which adequate natural refugia do not appear to exist. Fine-scaled regional analyses will be required to clarify these broad findings, and we examine a number of case studies demonstrating how these regional analyses might best proceed. Lessons learnt across the multiple techniques employed in this study include: 1. High elevation areas are important refugia. 2. Tasmania and the east coast of mainland Australia contain most of the key areas for refugia into the future. 3. Results are dependent on which objectives, techniques, taxonomic groups and climate scenarios are used.
dc.format.extent216 pages
dc.publisherJames Cook University
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNCCARF Publication 73/13
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.source.urihttps://www.nccarf.edu.au/publications/climate-change-refugia-terrestrial-biodiversity
dc.titleClimate change refugia for terrestrial biodiversity
dc.typeBook
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
dc.date.issued2013
local.identifier.absfor050101 - Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
local.identifier.absfor060306 - Evolutionary Impacts of Climate Change
local.identifier.absfor060302 - Biogeography and Phylogeography
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9511635xPUB1173
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationReside, April E., James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationVanDerWal, Jeremy, James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationPhillips, Benjamin, James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationShoo, L.P., James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationRosauer, Dan, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAnderson, Barbara J., James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationWelbergen, Justin, James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationMoritz, Craig, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationFerrier, Simon, CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences
local.contributor.affiliationHarwood, Thomas D., CSIRO
local.contributor.affiliationWilliams, Kristen J., CSIRO
local.contributor.affiliationMackey, Brendan, Griffith University
local.contributor.affiliationHugh, Sonia, Griffith University
local.contributor.affiliationWilliams, Stephen E., James Cook University
local.identifier.absseo960805 - Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
local.identifier.absseo960307 - Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts)
dc.date.updated2015-12-10T10:10:41Z
local.bibliographicCitation.placeofpublicationAustralia
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access via publisher website
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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