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Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards

Lowe, J; Barton , Nick; Blockley, Simon; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Cullen, Victoria L; Davies, William; Gamble, Clive; Grant, Katharine; Hardiman, Mark; Housley, Rupert; Roberts, Andrew; Rohling, Eelco; Lane, Christine

Description

Marked changes in human dispersal and development during the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition have been attributed to massive volcanic eruption and/or severe climatic deterioration. We test this concept using records of volcanic ash layers of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption dated to ca. 40,000 y ago (40 ka B.P.). The distribution of the Campanian Ignimbrite has been enhanced by the discovery of cryptotephra deposits (volcanic ash layers that are not visible to the naked eye) in...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2012
Type: Journal article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/65775
Source: PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1204579109

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