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Examining the Origin of Fortifications in East Timor: Social and Environmental Factors

O'Connor, Susan; McWilliam, Andrew; Fenner, Jack; Brockwell, Celia (Sally)


The remains of fortified archaeological sites abound in hilltop locations on the island of East Timor (Timor-Leste). Archaeologists have linked the emergence of these fortified settlements with environmental change. Some point to a period of reduced rainfall and increased environmental fluctuations beginning about AD 1000, while others cite relatively large-scale climate change during the post-AD 1300 transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age. Both groups link environmental...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2012
Type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology
DOI: 10.1080/15564894.2011.619245


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