Tolleter, Dimitri; Seneca, Francois O.; DeNofrio, Jan C.; Krediet, Cory J.; Palumbi, Stephen R.; Pringle, John R; Grossman, Arthur Robert
The global decline of reef-building corals is due in part to the loss of algal symbionts, or "bleaching," during the increasingly frequent periods of high seawater temperatures [1, 2]. During bleaching, endosymbiotic dinoflagellate algae (Symbiodinium spp.) either are lost from the animal tissue or lose their photosynthetic pigments, resulting in host mortality if the Symbiodinium populations fail to recover . The >1,000 studies of the causes of heat-induced bleaching have focused...[Show more]
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