Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
Jackson, K P; Kirby, Michael X; Berger, Wolfgang; Bjorndal, Karen A; Botsford, Louis; Bourque, Bruce J; Bradbury, Roger; Cookson, D J; Erlandson, Jon; Estes, J; Hughes, Terrence; Kidwell, Susan M; Lange, Carina; Lenihen, Hunter; Pandolfi, J; Peterson, Charles H; Steneck, Robert S; Tegner, M; Wen, L; Jackson, Jeremy B C
Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change. Historical abundances of large consumer species were fantastically large in comparison with recent observations. Paleoecological, archaeological, and historical data show that time lags of decades to centuries occurred between the onset of overfishing and consequent changes in ecological...[Show more]
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