Skip navigation
Skip navigation

Case-control studies of sporadic enteric infections: A review and discussion of studies conducted internationally from 1990 to 2009

Fullerton, Kathleen; Scallan, Elaine; Mahon, Barbara; Angulo, Frederick J; de Valk, Henriette; van Pelt, Wilfrid; Gauci, Charmaine; Hauri, Anja M; Majowicz, Shannon E; O'Brien, Sarah J.; Kirk, Martyn

Description

Epidemiologists have used case-control studies to investigate enteric disease outbreaks for many decades. Increasingly, case-control studies are also used to investigate risk factors for sporadic (not outbreak-associated) disease. While the same basic approach is used, there are important differences between outbreak and sporadic disease settings that need to be considered in the design and implementation of the case-control study for sporadic disease. Through the International Collaboration on...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorFullerton, Kathleen
dc.contributor.authorScallan, Elaine
dc.contributor.authorMahon, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorAngulo, Frederick J
dc.contributor.authorde Valk, Henriette
dc.contributor.authorvan Pelt, Wilfrid
dc.contributor.authorGauci, Charmaine
dc.contributor.authorHauri, Anja M
dc.contributor.authorMajowicz, Shannon E
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Sarah J.
dc.contributor.authorKirk, Martyn
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:01:49Z
dc.identifier.issn1535-3141
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/61757
dc.description.abstractEpidemiologists have used case-control studies to investigate enteric disease outbreaks for many decades. Increasingly, case-control studies are also used to investigate risk factors for sporadic (not outbreak-associated) disease. While the same basic approach is used, there are important differences between outbreak and sporadic disease settings that need to be considered in the design and implementation of the case-control study for sporadic disease. Through the International Collaboration on Enteric Disease "Burden of Illness" Studies (the International Collaboration), we reviewed 79 case-control studies of sporadic enteric infections caused by nine pathogens that were conducted in 22 countries and published from 1990 through to 2009. We highlight important methodological and study design issues (including case definition, control selection, and exposure assessment) and discuss how approaches to the study of sporadic enteric disease have changed over the last 20 years (e.g., making use of more sensitive case definitions, databases of controls, and computer-assisted interviewing). As our understanding of sporadic enteric infections grows, methods and topics for case-control studies are expected to continue to evolve; for example, advances in understanding of the role of immunity can be used to improve control selection, the apparent protective effects of certain foods can be further explored, and case-control studies can be used to provide population-based measures of the burden of disease.
dc.publisherMary Ann Liebert Inc.
dc.sourceFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
dc.subjectKeywords: case control study; human; immunity; intestine infection; medical literature; methodology; population research; priority journal; review; sporadic enteric infection
dc.titleCase-control studies of sporadic enteric infections: A review and discussion of studies conducted internationally from 1990 to 2009
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume9
dc.date.issued2012
local.identifier.absfor110309 - Infectious Diseases
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB637
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationFullerton, Kathleen, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
local.contributor.affiliationScallan, Elaine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
local.contributor.affiliationKirk, Martyn, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMahon, Barbara, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
local.contributor.affiliationAngulo, Frederick J, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
local.contributor.affiliationde Valk, Henriette, French Institute for Public Health Surveillance
local.contributor.affiliationvan Pelt, Wilfrid, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment
local.contributor.affiliationGauci, Charmaine, Malta Department of Public Health
local.contributor.affiliationHauri, Anja M, Hesse State Health Office
local.contributor.affiliationMajowicz, Shannon E, University of Guelph
local.contributor.affiliationO'Brien, Sarah J., University of Manchester
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue4
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage281
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage292
local.identifier.doi10.1089/fpd.2011.1065
local.identifier.absseo920109 - Infectious Diseases
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T09:28:58Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84859200218
local.identifier.thomsonID000302137300001
CollectionsANU Research Publications

Download

File Description SizeFormat Image
01_Fullerton_Case-control_studies_of_2012.pdf261.52 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  19 May 2020/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator