Aceh is celebrated for its opposition to foreign domination. Its very identity as a sultanate was based on resistance to the Portuguese in the 16 th century, and to Dutch, English and French in the 17th and 18th. In the 19th century the sultanate again provided the last and fiercest resistance to the Dutch advance, and in the 20 th to Jakarta. Aceh's long-standing relationship with Ottoman Turkey, however, provides a startling contrast. The readiness of Acehnese sultans in the 16th and 19th...[Show more]
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