Skip navigation
Skip navigation

Direct Measurement Versus Surrogate Indicator Species for Evaluating Environmental Change and Biodiversity Loss

Likens, Gene E.; Lindenmayer, David B


The enormity and complexity of problems like environmental degradation and biodiversity loss have led to the development of indicator species and other surrogate approaches to track changes in environments and/or in biodiversity. Under these approaches particular species or groups of species are used as proxies for other biota, particular environmental conditions, or for environmental change. The indicator species approach contrasts with a direct measurement approach in which the focus is on a...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2010
Type: Journal article
Source: Ecosystems
DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9394-6


File Description SizeFormat Image
01_Lindenmayer_Direct_Measurement_Versus_2010.pdf344.05 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy

Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  22 January 2019/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator