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AMS Applications in Nuclear Astrophysics: New Results for 13C(n,g)14C and 14N(n,p)14C

Wallner, Anton; Buczak, K; Dillmann, I; Feige, J.; Kappeler, F; Korschinek, Gunther; Lederer, C; Mengoni, A.; Ott, Ulrich; Paul, M.; Schatzel, G; Steier, Peter; Trautvetter, H.P.

Description

The technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) offers a complementary tool for studying long-lived radionuclides in nuclear astrophysics*(1) as a tool for investigating nucleosynthesis in the laboratory; and (2) via a direct search of live long-lived radionuclides in terrestrial archives as signatures of recent nearby supernova-events. A key ingredient to our understanding of nucleosynthesis is accurate cross-section data. AMS was applied for measurements of the neutron-induced cross...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorWallner, Anton
dc.contributor.authorBuczak, K
dc.contributor.authorDillmann, I
dc.contributor.authorFeige, J.
dc.contributor.authorKappeler, F
dc.contributor.authorKorschinek, Gunther
dc.contributor.authorLederer, C
dc.contributor.authorMengoni, A.
dc.contributor.authorOtt, Ulrich
dc.contributor.authorPaul, M.
dc.contributor.authorSchatzel, G
dc.contributor.authorSteier, Peter
dc.contributor.authorTrautvetter, H.P.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:53:44Z
dc.identifier.issn1323-3580
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/59473
dc.description.abstractThe technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) offers a complementary tool for studying long-lived radionuclides in nuclear astrophysics*(1) as a tool for investigating nucleosynthesis in the laboratory; and (2) via a direct search of live long-lived radionuclides in terrestrial archives as signatures of recent nearby supernova-events. A key ingredient to our understanding of nucleosynthesis is accurate cross-section data. AMS was applied for measurements of the neutron-induced cross sections 13C(n,) and 14N(n,p), both leading to the long-lived radionuclide 14C. Solid samples were irradiated at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology with neutrons closely resembling a MaxwellBoltzmann distribution for kT≤25keV, and with neutrons of energies between 123 and 178keV. After neutron activation the amount of 14C nuclides in the samples was measured by AMS at the VERA (Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator) facility. Both reactions, 13C(n,)14C and 14N(n,p)14C, act as neutron poisons in s-process nucleosynthesis. However, previous experimental data are discordant. The new data for both reactions tend to be slightly lower than previous measurements for the 25keV MaxwellBoltzmann energy distribution. For the higher neutron energies no previous data did exist for 13C(n,), but model calculations indicated a strong resonance structure between 100 and 300keV which is confirmed by our results. Very limited information is available for 14N(n,p) at these energies. Our new data at 123 and 178keV suggest lower cross sections than expected from previous experiments and data evaluations.
dc.publisherCSLI Publications
dc.sourcePublications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
dc.subjectKeywords: abundances; miscellaneous-nuclear reactions; nucleosynthesis; techniques
dc.titleAMS Applications in Nuclear Astrophysics: New Results for 13C(n,g)14C and 14N(n,p)14C
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume29
dc.date.issued2012
local.identifier.absfor020202 - Nuclear Physics
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4155331xPUB492
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationWallner, Anton, College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBuczak, K, University of Vienna
local.contributor.affiliationDillmann, I, GSI GmbH
local.contributor.affiliationFeige, J., University of Vienna
local.contributor.affiliationKappeler, F, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
local.contributor.affiliationKorschinek, Gunther, Technical University of Munich
local.contributor.affiliationLederer, C, University of Vienna
local.contributor.affiliationMengoni, A., International Atomic Energy Agency
local.contributor.affiliationOtt, Ulrich, Max Planck Institute
local.contributor.affiliationPaul, M., Hebrew University
local.contributor.affiliationSchatzel, G, University of Vienna
local.contributor.affiliationSteier, Peter, University of Vienna
local.contributor.affiliationTrautvetter, H.P., Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage115
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage120
local.identifier.doi10.1071/AS11069
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T10:39:12Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84861952459
local.identifier.thomsonID000304717000005
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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