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Phylogeography of lions ( Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity

Barnett, Ross; Shapiro, Beth; Barnes, Ian; Ho, Simon; Burger, Joachim; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Higham, Thomas F. G.; Wheeler, H. Todd; Rosendahl, Wilfried; Sher, Andrei; Sotnikova, Marina; Kuznetsova, Tatiana; Baryshnikov, Gennady F.; Martin, Larry D.; Harington, C Richard; Burns, James A.; Cooper, Alan

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Lions were the most widespread carnivores in the late Pleistocene, ranging from southern Africa to the southern USA, but little is known about the evolutionary relationships among these Pleistocene populations or the dynamics that led to their extinction. Using ancient DNA techniques, we obtained mitochondrial sequences from 52 individuals sampled across the present and former range of lions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed three distinct clusters: (i) modern lions, Panthera leo; (ii) extinct...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorBarnett, Ross
dc.contributor.authorShapiro, Beth
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Ian
dc.contributor.authorHo, Simon
dc.contributor.authorBurger, Joachim
dc.contributor.authorYamaguchi, Nobuyuki
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Thomas F. G.
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, H. Todd
dc.contributor.authorRosendahl, Wilfried
dc.contributor.authorSher, Andrei
dc.contributor.authorSotnikova, Marina
dc.contributor.authorKuznetsova, Tatiana
dc.contributor.authorBaryshnikov, Gennady F.
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Larry D.
dc.contributor.authorHarington, C Richard
dc.contributor.authorBurns, James A.
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Alan
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:43:42Z
dc.identifier.issn0962-1083
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/58283
dc.description.abstractLions were the most widespread carnivores in the late Pleistocene, ranging from southern Africa to the southern USA, but little is known about the evolutionary relationships among these Pleistocene populations or the dynamics that led to their extinction. Using ancient DNA techniques, we obtained mitochondrial sequences from 52 individuals sampled across the present and former range of lions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed three distinct clusters: (i) modern lions, Panthera leo; (ii) extinct Pleistocene cave lions, which formed a homogeneous population extending from Europe across Beringia (Siberia, Alaska and western Canada); and (iii) extinct American lions, which formed a separate population south of the Pleistocene ice sheets. The American lion appears to have become genetically isolated around 340 000 years ago, despite the apparent lack of significant barriers to gene flow with Beringian populations through much of the late Pleistocene. We found potential evidence of a severe population bottleneck in the cave lion during the previous interstadial, sometime after 48 000 years, adding to evidence from bison, mammoths, horses and brown bears that megafaunal populations underwent major genetic alterations throughout the last interstadial, potentially presaging the processes involved in the subsequent end-Pleistocene mass extinctions.
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
dc.sourceMolecular Ecology
dc.subjectKeywords: mitochondrial DNA; animal; article; classification; DNA sequence; fossil; genetic variability; genetics; geography; lion; molecular evolution; phylogeny; population genetics; species difference; Animals; DNA, Mitochondrial; Evolution, Molecular; Fossils; American lion; Ancient DNA; Beringia; Cave lion; Extinction; Megafauna
dc.titlePhylogeography of lions ( Panthera leo ssp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume18
dc.date.issued2009
local.identifier.absfor060302 - Biogeography and Phylogeography
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9511635xPUB435
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationBarnett, Ross, University of Oxford
local.contributor.affiliationShapiro, Beth, Pennsylvania State University
local.contributor.affiliationBarnes, Ian, University College London
local.contributor.affiliationHo, Simon, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBurger, Joachim, Mainz University
local.contributor.affiliationYamaguchi, Nobuyuki, University of Qatar
local.contributor.affiliationHigham, Thomas F. G., University of Oxford
local.contributor.affiliationWheeler, H. Todd, George C. Page Museum
local.contributor.affiliationRosendahl, Wilfried, Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen
local.contributor.affiliationSher, Andrei, Russian Academy of Sciences
local.contributor.affiliationSotnikova, Marina, Russian Academy of Sciences
local.contributor.affiliationKuznetsova, Tatiana, Moscow State University
local.contributor.affiliationBaryshnikov, Gennady F., Russian Academy of Sciences
local.contributor.affiliationMartin, Larry D., University of Kansas
local.contributor.affiliationHarington, C Richard, Canadian Museum of Nature
local.contributor.affiliationBurns, James A., Royal Alberta Museum
local.contributor.affiliationCooper, Alan, University of Adelaide
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1668
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1677
local.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04134.x
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T12:05:34Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-63849272881
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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