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Abrupt Changes: The Archilles heels of the Earth System

Steffen, Will; Andreae, Meinrat O; Bolin, Bert; Crutzen, Paul J; Cox, Peter M; Cubasch, Ulrich; Held, Hermann; Scholes, Robert J (Bob); Talaue-McManus, Liana

Description

Records from the past show that abrupt global change is the norm, not the exception, in the Earth System. Many recent changes-such as the globalization of the world's economy and the formation of the ozone hole over Antarctica-appear rapid even from the perspective of a single lifetime. What do we now know about the nature of abrupt changes in the Earth System and the probability that human actions could trigger them?

dc.contributor.authorSteffen, Will
dc.contributor.authorAndreae, Meinrat O
dc.contributor.authorBolin, Bert
dc.contributor.authorCrutzen, Paul J
dc.contributor.authorCox, Peter M
dc.contributor.authorCubasch, Ulrich
dc.contributor.authorHeld, Hermann
dc.contributor.authorScholes, Robert J (Bob)
dc.contributor.authorTalaue-McManus, Liana
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:40:36Z
dc.identifier.issn0013-9157
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/57519
dc.description.abstractRecords from the past show that abrupt global change is the norm, not the exception, in the Earth System. Many recent changes-such as the globalization of the world's economy and the formation of the ozone hole over Antarctica-appear rapid even from the perspective of a single lifetime. What do we now know about the nature of abrupt changes in the Earth System and the probability that human actions could trigger them?
dc.publisherHeldref Publications
dc.sourceEnvironment: science and policy for sustainable development
dc.subjectKeywords: Antarctica; daily life activity; environmental change; global change; ozone layer; review
dc.titleAbrupt Changes: The Archilles heels of the Earth System
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume46
dc.date.issued2004
local.identifier.absfor049999 - Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.absfor070303 - Crop and Pasture Biochemistry and Physiology
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4167262xPUB404
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSteffen, Will, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAndreae, Meinrat O, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
local.contributor.affiliationBolin, Bert, Stockholm University
local.contributor.affiliationCrutzen, Paul J, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
local.contributor.affiliationCox, Peter M, University of Exeter
local.contributor.affiliationCubasch, Ulrich, Free University of Berlin
local.contributor.affiliationHeld, Hermann, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
local.contributor.affiliationScholes, Robert J (Bob), Council for Science and Industrial Research
local.contributor.affiliationTalaue-McManus, Liana, University of Miami
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage9
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage20
dc.date.updated2015-12-09T11:00:16Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-2942530863
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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