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Correlates of Level and Change in the Mini-Mental State Examination

Soubelet, Andrea; Salthouse, Timothy A.

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The goal of the current project was to determine (a) the cognitive abilities assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE; M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, & P. R. McHugh, 1975), (b) whether the same abilities are associated with MMSE performance among people of different ages, and (c) whether the same abilities are involved in changes within the same people over time. The authors therefore examined whether the initial levels of 5 cognitive ability constructs (vocabulary, reasoning,...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSoubelet, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorSalthouse, Timothy A.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:35:51Z
dc.identifier.issn1040-3590
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/56444
dc.description.abstractThe goal of the current project was to determine (a) the cognitive abilities assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE; M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, & P. R. McHugh, 1975), (b) whether the same abilities are associated with MMSE performance among people of different ages, and (c) whether the same abilities are involved in changes within the same people over time. The authors therefore examined whether the initial levels of 5 cognitive ability constructs (vocabulary, reasoning, memory, space, and speed) predicted initial levels of MMSE performance and whether the initial levels or the changes in these 5 cognitive abilities predicted change in the MMSE performance. The major findings were that 3 cognitive constructs (vocabulary, reasoning, and memory) contribute to performance in the MMSE but that their respective contributions to the MMSE vary as a function of age and time. In particular, individual differences and change in the MMSE are primarily related to individual differences in reasoning among adults younger than about 70 years, whereas both initial level of MMSE performance and longitudinal change in MMSE performance primarily related to initial level and change in memory ability among adults older than 70 years. The results therefore imply that both the level of performance on the MMSE at a single point in time and the change in MMSE over time may represent somewhat different cognitive abilities at different ages.
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.sourcePsychological Assessment
dc.subjectKeywords: adult; age distribution; aged; article; cognition; functional assessment; human; linguistics; memory consolidation; mental capacity; mini mental state examination; rating scale; scoring system; Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cogn Age; Change; Cognitive correlates; Level; Mini-Mental State Examination
dc.titleCorrelates of Level and Change in the Mini-Mental State Examination
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume23
dc.date.issued2011
local.identifier.absfor170110 - Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB363
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSoubelet, Andrea, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSalthouse, Timothy A., University of Virginia
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue4
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage811
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage818
local.identifier.doi10.1037/a0023401
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T09:14:37Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-80052200398
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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