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Lapita subsistence strategies and food consumption patterns in the community of Teouma (Efate, Vanuatu)

Valentin, Frederique; Buckley, Hallie R.; Herrscher, Estelle; Kinaston, R.L.; Bedford, Stuart; Spriggs, Matthew; Hawkins, Stuart; Neal, K.

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The subsistence strategies of the Lapita populations (3100-2800 BP), the first colonisers of the pristine environments of the islands of Eastern Melanesia and Western Polynesia, have been a matter of ongoing debate for decades. Opinions have ranged between the two extremes of Lapita colonisers being either characterised as highly mobile foragers to fully horticultural communities. To further address the question, this paper presents stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic data obtained from...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorValentin, Frederique
dc.contributor.authorBuckley, Hallie R.
dc.contributor.authorHerrscher, Estelle
dc.contributor.authorKinaston, R.L.
dc.contributor.authorBedford, Stuart
dc.contributor.authorSpriggs, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorHawkins, Stuart
dc.contributor.authorNeal, K.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:29:24Z
dc.identifier.issn0305-4403
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/54884
dc.description.abstractThe subsistence strategies of the Lapita populations (3100-2800 BP), the first colonisers of the pristine environments of the islands of Eastern Melanesia and Western Polynesia, have been a matter of ongoing debate for decades. Opinions have ranged between the two extremes of Lapita colonisers being either characterised as highly mobile foragers to fully horticultural communities. To further address the question, this paper presents stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic data obtained from analyses of human and animal collagen samples from the site of Teouma (Efate, Vanuatu) dated to between c. 3000-2500 BP. The isotopic signatures obtained from 28 samples (23 human and 5 animal), interpreted in combination with isotopic information from several coastal and insular environments, suggest a diet primarily made up of terrestrially derived animal protein with lesser contributions from vegetable produce and inshore marine species. Comparisons linking the isotopic data gleaned from the Teouma individuals and Lapita subsistence patterns reconstructed through archaeozoological and archaeobotanical remains support the hypothesis of a mixed economy, that included terrestrial foraging, inshore marine exploitation and a low level of food production for at least some of the earliest Lapita colonists in Vanuatu.
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.sourceJournal of Archaeological Science
dc.subjectKeywords: carbon isotope; collagen; food consumption; horticulture; nitrogen isotope; pristine environment; stable isotope; subsistence; Polynesia; Vanuatu; Animalia
dc.titleLapita subsistence strategies and food consumption patterns in the community of Teouma (Efate, Vanuatu)
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume37
dc.date.issued2010
local.identifier.absfor210106 - Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand)
local.identifier.ariespublicationf2965xPUB313
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationValentin, Frederique, CNRS
local.contributor.affiliationBuckley, Hallie R., University of Otago
local.contributor.affiliationHerrscher, Estelle, CNRS
local.contributor.affiliationKinaston, R.L., University of Otago
local.contributor.affiliationBedford, Stuart, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSpriggs, Matthew, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHawkins, Stuart, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationNeal, K., Isolytix Ltd
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue8
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1820
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1829
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jas.2010.01.039
local.identifier.absseo950599 - Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T08:27:24Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-77953959388
local.identifier.thomsonID000279276300004
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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