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Cause and Effect in Biology Revisited: Is Mayr's Proximate-Ultimate Dichotomy Still Useful?

Laland, Kevin; Sterelny, Kim; Odling-Smee, John; Hoppitt, William; Uller, Tobias


Fifty years ago, Ernst Mayr published a hugely influential paper on the nature of causation in biology, in which he distinguished between proximate and ultimate causes. Mayr equated proximate causation with immediate factors (for example, physiology) and

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2011
Type: Journal article
Source: Science
DOI: 10.1126/science.1210879


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