Divide and Cultivate: Plantations, Militarism and Environment in Portuguese Timor, 1860-1975
By the time Portuguese colonialism in East Timor drew to a close in 1974 and 1975, it was estimated that 90 percent of the half-island�s vegetation had been modified by man. About the Baucau and Viqueque regions, �it is hard to recognise the distribution of natural vegetation today�, wrote German geographer Joachim Metzner after a period of fieldwork in 1969 and 1970. Indeed, forest degradation lies at the heart of human modification of the environment in East Timor and deforestation was set to...[Show more]
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