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Climate Change and Postglacial Human Dispersals in Southeast Asia

Soares, Pedro; Trejaut, Jean Alain; Loo, Jun-Hun; Hill, Catherine; Mormina, Maru; Lee, Chien-Liang; Chen, Yao-Ming; Hudjashov, Georgi; Forster, Peter; Macaulay, Vincent; Bulbeck, F David; Oppenheimer, Stephen James; Lin, Marie; Richards, Martin

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Modern humans have been living in Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) for at least 50,000 years. Largely because of the influence of linguistic studies, however, which have a shallow time depth, the attention of archaeologists and geneticists has usually been focused on the last 6,000 years - in particular, on a proposed Neolithic dispersal from China and Taiwan. Here we use complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome sequencing to spotlight some earlier processes that clearly had a major role in the...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSoares, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorTrejaut, Jean Alain
dc.contributor.authorLoo, Jun-Hun
dc.contributor.authorHill, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorMormina, Maru
dc.contributor.authorLee, Chien-Liang
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yao-Ming
dc.contributor.authorHudjashov, Georgi
dc.contributor.authorForster, Peter
dc.contributor.authorMacaulay, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorBulbeck, F David
dc.contributor.authorOppenheimer, Stephen James
dc.contributor.authorLin, Marie
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Martin
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:23:26Z
dc.identifier.issn0737-4038
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/52776
dc.description.abstractModern humans have been living in Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) for at least 50,000 years. Largely because of the influence of linguistic studies, however, which have a shallow time depth, the attention of archaeologists and geneticists has usually been focused on the last 6,000 years - in particular, on a proposed Neolithic dispersal from China and Taiwan. Here we use complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome sequencing to spotlight some earlier processes that clearly had a major role in the demographic history of the region but have hitherto been unrecognized. We show that haplogroup E, an important component of mtDNA diversity in the region, evolved in situ over the last 35,000 years and expanded dramatically throughout ISEA around the beginning of the Holocene, at the time when the ancient continent of Sundaland was being broken up into the present-day archipelago by rising sea levels. It reached Taiwan and Near Oceania more recently, within the last ∼8,000 years. This suggests that global warming and sea-level rises at the end of the Ice Age, 15,000-7,000 years ago, were the main forces shaping modern human diversity in the region.
dc.publisherSociety for Molecular Biology Evolution
dc.sourceMolecular Biology and Evolution
dc.subjectKeywords: mitochondrial DNA; article; cladistics; climate change; deglaciation; DNA sequence; gene sequence; genome; greenhouse effect; haplotype; nucleotide sequence; phylogeny; sea level; sequence analysis; Southeast Asia; classification; genetic variability; gen Complete mtDNA genomes; Island Southeast Asia; Late glacial; Neolithic; Postglacial
dc.titleClimate Change and Postglacial Human Dispersals in Southeast Asia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume25
dc.date.issued2008
local.identifier.absfor210103 - Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
local.identifier.absfor210102 - Archaeological Science
local.identifier.absfor060306 - Evolutionary Impacts of Climate Change
local.identifier.ariespublicationu3923986xPUB255
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSoares, Pedro, University of Leeds
local.contributor.affiliationTrejaut, Jean Alain, Mackay Memorial Hospital
local.contributor.affiliationLoo, Jun-Hun, Mackay Memorial Hospital
local.contributor.affiliationHill, Catherine, University of Leeds
local.contributor.affiliationMormina, Maru, University of Leeds
local.contributor.affiliationLee, Chien-Liang, Mackay Memorial Hospital
local.contributor.affiliationChen, Yao-Ming, Department of Health, Taiwan
local.contributor.affiliationHudjashov, Georgi, The Estonian Biocentre
local.contributor.affiliationForster, Peter, University of Cambridge
local.contributor.affiliationMacaulay, Vincent, University of Glasgow
local.contributor.affiliationBulbeck, F David, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationOppenheimer, Stephen James, Oxford University
local.contributor.affiliationLin, Marie, National Taiwan University
local.contributor.affiliationRichards, Martin, University of Leeds
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1209
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1218
local.identifier.doi10.1093/molbev/msn068
dc.date.updated2015-12-09T09:07:35Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-44649179942
local.identifier.thomsonID000255758200021
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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