Malmberg, D; Davies, M B; Chambers, J E; De Angeli, F; Church, R P; Mackey, Alasdair; Wilkinson, Mark, I.
Most stars are formed in a cluster or association, where the number density of stars can be high. This means that a large fraction of initially-single stars will undergo close encounters with other stars and/or exchange into binaries. We describe how such close encounters and exchange encounters can affect the properties of a planetary system around a single star. We define a singleton as a single star which has never suffered close encounters with other stars or spent time within a binary...[Show more]
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