O'Leary, Stephen; Hutchins, Matthew; Stevenson, Duncan; Gunn, Chris; Krumpholz, Alexander; Kennedy, Gregor; Tykocinski, Michael; Dahm, Marcus; Pyman, Brian
OBJECTIVES: To assess the content validity and concurrent validity of a haptically (force feedback) rendered, virtual reality simulation of temporal bone surgery. METHODS: Eleven naive surgical trainees were given a 1-hour lesson on the operation, cortical mastoidectomy, in the virtual environment with the trainer on a networked simulator and then asked to perform this procedure on a real temporal bone. RESULTS: The simulator was found to be a convincing representation of temporal bone drilling...[Show more]
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