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Pohnpei Coring Records: The Natural Distribution of Cyrtosperma chamissonis and Neolithic Charcoal Particles

Athens, J. Stephen; Stevenson, Janelle

Description

Dating, pollen, and charcoal particle findings are presented from two mangrove swamp cores recovered from Pohnpei, Eastern Caroline Islands, Micronesia. The cores, from opposite sides of the island, provide continuous sediment sequences dating from the early Holocene. Pollen analysis demonstrates that the giant swamp taro (Cyrtosperma chamissonis), an important cultigen on many islands in the Western Pacific, was growing on Pohnpei during prehuman times, indicating that its natural prehuman...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorAthens, J. Stephen
dc.contributor.authorStevenson, Janelle
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T22:15:47Z
dc.identifier.issn1179-4704
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/50854
dc.description.abstractDating, pollen, and charcoal particle findings are presented from two mangrove swamp cores recovered from Pohnpei, Eastern Caroline Islands, Micronesia. The cores, from opposite sides of the island, provide continuous sediment sequences dating from the early Holocene. Pollen analysis demonstrates that the giant swamp taro (Cyrtosperma chamissonis), an important cultigen on many islands in the Western Pacific, was growing on Pohnpei during prehuman times, indicating that its natural prehuman distribution was far wider than previously suspected. The archaeological implications for the prehuman presence of C. chamissonis are discussed. The cores are inconclusive with regard to the timing of initial human settlement and landscape change on Pohnpei, possibly due to their location deep within large coastal mangrove forests where terrestrial pollen types and charcoal from local fires are poorly dispersed.
dc.publisherNew Zealand Archaeological Association
dc.sourceJournal of Pacific Archaeology
dc.titlePohnpei Coring Records: The Natural Distribution of Cyrtosperma chamissonis and Neolithic Charcoal Particles
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume3
dc.date.issued2012
local.identifier.absfor210106 - Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9910377xPUB211
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationAthens, J. Stephen, International Archaeological Research Institute
local.contributor.affiliationStevenson, Janelle, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage35
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage48
local.identifier.absseo950599 - Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2020-11-08T07:25:56Z
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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