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Way of life theory: the underlying structure of worldviews, social relations and lifestyles

Pepperday, Michael Edward

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What is the structure of society? Many thinkers have pondered the regularities. Way of life theory (WOLT) shows the relationship of every rational, social issue to every other rational, social issue. ¶ From two dichotomised, theoretical dimensions called grid and group, Mary Douglas deduced four ways of life usually called individualism, hierarchy, egalitarianism, and fatalism. WOLT shows the same four ideal types may be deduced from any significant pair of social issues, including competition,...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPepperday, Michael Edward
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-22T02:43:18Z
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-04T02:34:41Z
dc.date.available2010-07-22T02:43:18Z
dc.date.available2011-01-04T02:34:41Z
dc.identifier.otherb23786103
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/49334
dc.description.abstractWhat is the structure of society? Many thinkers have pondered the regularities. Way of life theory (WOLT) shows the relationship of every rational, social issue to every other rational, social issue. ¶ From two dichotomised, theoretical dimensions called grid and group, Mary Douglas deduced four ways of life usually called individualism, hierarchy, egalitarianism, and fatalism. WOLT shows the same four ideal types may be deduced from any significant pair of social issues, including competition, cooperation, coercion, freedom, justice, self-identity, nature, human nature, and more. Since four types may be divided pair-wise in three ways, there are three, not two, dimensions or axes. ¶ WOLT also deduces Douglas’s fifth type (the hermit) and resolves the long-standing logical anomalies of grid-group theory. ¶ In all, seven social theorists have independently deduced four types from various dimension pairs. Mistakes aside, they find the same four theoretical types. Evidently, the four types are natural kinds. Between them these theorists use three axes. ¶ Numerous intuitive theorists from across social science have developed types without dimensions, and dimensions without types. Though incomplete, they show no significant disagreement. ¶ It appears that every issue that must be taken into account to live socially fits the three axes. There is no flexibility: each issue fits the axes one way. Geometrically, three dichot�omised dimensions yield eight types, however four of them are not viable and do not arise. Given just four valid points, the number of dimensions is necessarily limited to three. The axes generate thousands of predictions. ¶ ...
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights.uriThe Australian National University
dc.subjectpolitical culture, grid-group, worldviews, social relations, social structure, individualism, hierarchy, egalitarianism, fatalism
dc.titleWay of life theory: the underlying structure of worldviews, social relations and lifestyles
dc.typeThesis (PhD)
dcterms.valid2009
local.description.refereedyes
local.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.date.issued2009
local.contributor.affiliationThe Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationSchool of Politics and International Relations, Research School of Social Sciences
local.identifier.doi10.25911/5d7a2ccc02ee0
local.mintdoimint
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