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Oil Palm in Indonesian socio-economic improvement: a review of options

Zen, Zahari; Barlow, Colin; Gondowarsito, Ria


The Indonesian government has used oil palm as a major tool of rural socio-economic improvement, doing this through ‘nucleus estates’ operated by estate companies and through assisting individual smallholdings. The initiatives have together raised the incomes of more than 500,000 farmers, and may be judged successful market interventions which are far superior to laissez faire. But although the average economic and social performances of both initiatives have been reasonable, their outcomes...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Type: Working/Technical Paper
Source: Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal


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