HIV and fertility change in rural Zimbabwe
Fertility transition and HIV epidemics are currently running parallel in some sub-Saharan African populations. Interactions between the two at the individual and population levels could accentuate or moderate the resulting demographic trends. We review a number of mechanisms through which an HIV epidemic and responses to it can affect birth rates, through the biological and behavioural proximate determinants. Uninfected as well as infected people can be affected and many of the changes could...[Show more]
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