Theory pertaining to low fertility
Demographic transition refers to the process whereby populations shift from regimes of high mortality and high fertility in approximate long-run equilibrium (zero population growth) to a new equilibrium at low levels of mortality and fertility. Most European and overseas European societies experienced such a transition between about 1870 and 1930. Formulation of theoretical explanations of the transition proceeded in the second quarter of the 20th century with the solid evidence of the...[Show more]
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