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The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Implications of Non-stationarity

Perman, Roger; Stern, David


In this paper, we apply time series techniques for panel data to the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) model. Within the literature that estimates emissions-income relations in the EKC context, little attention has been paid to the time series properties of the data and in particular to whether the variables could be integrated time series. We estimate the EKC for sulphur emissions using a panel data set for 74 countries over 30 years. Using individual unit root tests, we find that both sulphur...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 1999
Type: Working/Technical Paper


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