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Multilateral governance of fisheries: management and cooperation in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries

CollectionsANU Resources, Environment & Development Group (RE&D)
Title: Multilateral governance of fisheries: management and cooperation in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries
Author(s): Chand, Satish
Petersen, Elizabeth
Grafton, Quentin
Keywords: Western and Central Pacific
tuna resources
economic importance
Pacific Islands
multilateral governance
resource rents
tuna fisheries
management structures
resource taxation
Tuna Commission
harvesting rights
Publisher: Canberra, ACT: Resource Management in Asia-Pacific Program (RMAP), Division of Pacific and Asian History, Research School for Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University
Series/Report no.: Resource Management in Asia-Pacific Program (RMAP) Working Paper: No. 34
The tuna resources of the Western and Central Pacific (WCP) are the world's largest and most valuable fisheries of their type and are of significant economic importance to the Pacific Island countries (PICs), through whose waters of national jurisdiction the tuna migrate. Two major concerns exist with the current governance of the fishery. First, PICs are receiving only a small share of the resource rents from the tuna fisheries. Second, current management structure of the fisheries will not ensure the long-term sustainability of the resources. The paper presents a simple model to argue for increased resource taxation as a means of raising tax revenues and improving sustainability of the resource. Such an outcome is only possible when a single policy-maker has the prerogative to set taxes so that the government acts as a Stakelberg leader in this game. Institutional mechanisms to engender cooperation between PIC governments and with distant water fishing nations (DWFNs) to achieve the espoused outcomes of the model are also presented.
ISSN: 0738-1360


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