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Contrastive semantics of physical activity verbs: 'Cutting' and 'chopping' in English, Polish and Japanese

Goddard, Cliff; Wierzbicka, Anna

Description

This study explores the contrastive lexical semantics of verbs comparable to 'cut' and 'chop' in three languages (English, Polish, and Japanese), using the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) technique of semantic analysis. It proposes a six-part semantic template, and argues that this template can serve as a basis for a lexical typology of complex physical activity verbs in general. At the same time, it argues that language-specific aspects of the semantics are often culturally motivated. Nine...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGoddard, Cliff
dc.contributor.authorWierzbicka, Anna
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T21:56:31Z
dc.identifier.issn0388-0001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/39465
dc.description.abstractThis study explores the contrastive lexical semantics of verbs comparable to 'cut' and 'chop' in three languages (English, Polish, and Japanese), using the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) technique of semantic analysis. It proposes a six-part semantic template, and argues that this template can serve as a basis for a lexical typology of complex physical activity verbs in general. At the same time, it argues that language-specific aspects of the semantics are often culturally motivated. Nine verbs are examined (English cut, chop, slice, Polish cia{ogonek}ć "cut", krajać "cut/slice", obcinać "cut around", ra{ogonek}bać "chop", Japanese kiru "cut", kizamu "chop"), and NSM explications are proposed for each one based on its range of use in natural contexts, thus capturing the semantic similarities and differences in fine-grained detail.
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Ltd
dc.sourceLanguage Sciences
dc.subjectKeywords: Contrastive semantics; Lexical semantics; Lexical typology; Lexicology; NSM; Physical activity verbs; Polysemy; Semantic template; Semantics and culture
dc.titleContrastive semantics of physical activity verbs: 'Cutting' and 'chopping' in English, Polish and Japanese
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume31
dc.date.issued2009
local.identifier.absfor200209 - Multicultural, Intercultural and Cross-cultural Studies
local.identifier.absfor200322 - Comparative Language Studies
local.identifier.absfor200408 - Linguistic Structures (incl. Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9803255xPUB177
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationGoddard, Cliff, University of New England
local.contributor.affiliationWierzbicka, Anna, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage60
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage96
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.langsci.2007.10.002
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T12:12:00Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-55949135768
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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