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Who counts? Demography of swidden cultivators in Southeast Asia

Mertz, O; Leisz, S; Heinimann, A; Rerkasem, K; Thiha, no inital; Dressler, Wolfgang; Pham, V C; Vu, K C; Schidmt-Vogt, D; Colfer, Carol J Pierce; Epprecht, M; Padoch, Christine; Potter, Lesley

Description

Swidden cultivators are often found as a distinct category of farmers in the literature, but rarely appear in population censuses or other national and regional classifications. This has led to a worldwide confusion on how many people are dependent on this form of agriculture. The most often cited number of 200-300 million dates back to the early 1970s, but the source is obscure. We assess available, published data from nine countries in Southeast Asia and conclude that on this basis it is not...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMertz, O
dc.contributor.authorLeisz, S
dc.contributor.authorHeinimann, A
dc.contributor.authorRerkasem, K
dc.contributor.authorThiha, no inital
dc.contributor.authorDressler, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorPham, V C
dc.contributor.authorVu, K C
dc.contributor.authorSchidmt-Vogt, D
dc.contributor.authorColfer, Carol J Pierce
dc.contributor.authorEpprecht, M
dc.contributor.authorPadoch, Christine
dc.contributor.authorPotter, Lesley
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T21:56:23Z
dc.identifier.issn0300-7839
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/39404
dc.description.abstractSwidden cultivators are often found as a distinct category of farmers in the literature, but rarely appear in population censuses or other national and regional classifications. This has led to a worldwide confusion on how many people are dependent on this form of agriculture. The most often cited number of 200-300 million dates back to the early 1970s, but the source is obscure. We assess available, published data from nine countries in Southeast Asia and conclude that on this basis it is not possible to provide a firm estimate of the number of swidden cultivators in the region. A conservative range of 14-34 million people engaged in swidden cultivation in the region is suggested, however. We argue that along with improved knowledge of swidden livelihoods, there is an urgent need to develop techniques that will allow for better estimates of swidden populations in order to secure appropriate rural development and poverty reduction in swidden areas.
dc.publisherKluwer Academic Publishers
dc.sourceHuman Ecology (Journal)
dc.subjectKeywords: agricultural worker; census; demography; population estimation; poverty determinant; rural development; shifting cultivation; Asia; Eurasia; Southeast Asia Census; Population; Shifting cultivation; Southeast asia
dc.titleWho counts? Demography of swidden cultivators in Southeast Asia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume37
dc.date.issued2009
local.identifier.absfor070108 - Sustainable Agricultural Development
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9008537xPUB176
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationMertz, O, University of Copenhagen
local.contributor.affiliationLeisz, S, Colorado State University
local.contributor.affiliationHeinimann, A, University of Berne
local.contributor.affiliationRerkasem, K, Chiang Mai University
local.contributor.affiliationThiha, no inital, Mahasarakham University
local.contributor.affiliationDressler, Wolfgang, University of Queensland
local.contributor.affiliationPham, V C, Hanoi University of Science
local.contributor.affiliationVu, K C, Hanoi University of Science
local.contributor.affiliationSchidmt-Vogt, D, Asian Institute of Technology
local.contributor.affiliationColfer, C J P, Center for International Forestry Research
local.contributor.affiliationEpprecht, M, University of Berne
local.contributor.affiliationPadoch, Christine, New York Botanical Garden
local.contributor.affiliationPotter, Lesley, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage281
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage289
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s10745-009-9249-y
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T11:45:56Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-67651155778
local.identifier.thomsonID000268007000004
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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