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The public's stigmatising attitudes towards people with mental disorders: how important are biomedical conceptualizations?

Griffiths, Kathleen; Jorm, Anthony F

Description

Objective: This study examined hypotheses that stigmatizing attitudes are increased by use of psychiatric labels, by conceptualization of symptoms as a medical illness and by belief in genetic causes. Method: A survey of 3998 Australian adults asked questions about one of four vignettes: early schizophrenia, chronic schizophrenia, depression and depression with suicidal thoughts. Attitudes were measured by a social distance scale and a question about likely dangerousness. Results: Social...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, Kathleen
dc.contributor.authorJorm, Anthony F
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T22:37:35Z
dc.date.available2015-12-08T22:37:35Z
dc.identifier.issn0001-690X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/35591
dc.description.abstractObjective: This study examined hypotheses that stigmatizing attitudes are increased by use of psychiatric labels, by conceptualization of symptoms as a medical illness and by belief in genetic causes. Method: A survey of 3998 Australian adults asked questions about one of four vignettes: early schizophrenia, chronic schizophrenia, depression and depression with suicidal thoughts. Attitudes were measured by a social distance scale and a question about likely dangerousness. Results: Social distance was unrelated to the hypothesized factors. For schizophrenia (but not depression), belief in dangerousness was predicted by medical illness conceptualizations and genetic causal attribution. However, more important factors were the behaviours in the vignette and the belief that they are because of weakness of character. Conclusion: Biomedical conceptualizations are not the major cause of stigma, rather it is the behaviour associated with mental illness and the belief that this is because of personal weakness.
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
dc.sourceActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
dc.subjectKeywords: adult; aged; article; depression; female; health survey; human; male; patient attitude; priority journal; risk factor; schizophrenia; social distance; stigma; suicidal ideation; symptomatology; Adolescent; Adult; Attitude to Health; Australia; Concept For Attitudes; Depression; Schizophrenia; Stigma
dc.titleThe public's stigmatising attitudes towards people with mental disorders: how important are biomedical conceptualizations?
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume118
dc.date.issued2008
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.ariespublicationU4146231xPUB126
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationGriffiths, Kathleen, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationJorm, Anthony F, University of Melbourne
local.bibliographicCitation.issue4
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage315
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage321
local.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01251.x
dc.date.updated2015-12-08T10:00:52Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-51649126823
local.identifier.thomsonID000259207900008
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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