Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution
Warren, Wesley; Hillier, L. W.; Graves, Jennifer; Birney, Ewan; Ponting, Chris P; Grutzner, Frank; Belov, Katherine; Miller, Webb; Clarke, Laura; Chinwalla, Asif T; Yang, Shiaw-Pyng; Miethke, Patricia; Waters, Paul; Veyrunes, Frederic; Deakin, Janine; Alsop, Amber; Thompson, Katherine; Kirby, Patrick J; Huttley, Gavin Austin; McMillan, Daniel; Attenborough, Rosalind
We present a draft genome sequence of the platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus. This monotreme exhibits a fascinating combination of reptilian and mammalian characters. For example, platypuses have a coat of fur adapted to an aquatic lifestyle; platypus females lactate, yet lay eggs; and males are equipped with venom similar to that of reptiles. Analysis of the first monotreme genome aligned these features with genetic innovations. We find that reptile and platypus venom proteins have been...[Show more]
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