Wang, Cynthia S.; Sivanathan, Niro; Narayanan, Jayanth; Ganegoda, Deshani; Bauer, Monika; Bodenhausen, Galen V.; Murnighan, Keith
Individuals driven by negative emotions often punish non-cooperators at a cost to themselves. The current research demonstrates that, although time delays can attenuate this effect, they can also produce unintended consequences. Five experiments investigated the effects of time delays and thought patterns on punishments in direct and third party interactions. The results show that time delays decreased punishment (Experiment 1) by reducing negative emotions (Experiments 2A and 2B). However,...[Show more]
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