Origin of Nama Basin bitumen seeps: Petroleum derived from a Permian lacustrine source rock traversing southwestern Gondwana
Biodegraded bitumens associated with quartz and calcite veins in the Cambrian Fish River Subgroup sediments of the Nama Group of southern Namibia have a geochemical signature diagnostic for organic matter that was deposited in a saline lacustrine palaeoenvironment. In particular, they contain abundant gammacerane, β-carotane and 3β-methylhopanes while 24-isopropyl cholestanes and dinosteroids are not detectable. Sealed tube hydrous pyrolysis of asphaltene and polar fractions yielded saturated...[Show more]
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