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The value of producing food, energy, and the ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem

Porter, John; Costanza, Robert; Sandhu, Harpinder; Sigsgaard, Lene; Wratten, Stephen


Agricultural ecosystems produce food, fiber, and nonmarketed ecosystem services (ES). Agriculture also typically involves high negative external costs associated with, for example, fossil fuel use. We estimated, via fieldscale ecological monitoring and economic value-transfer methods, the market and nonmarket ES value of a combined food and energy (CFE) agro-ecosystem that simultaneously produces food, fodder, and bioenergy. Such novel CFE agro-ecosystems can provide a significantly increased...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2009
Type: Journal article
Source: AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186


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