Teoh, Narcissus; Farrell, Geoffrey
When assessing patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, consider the state of viral replication, the immune response and whether viral mutations could be present, as well as evidence for liver disease or extrahepatic manifestations. In wild-type infections, loss of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), gain of anti-HBe and disappearance of HBV DNA from serum indicate immunosuppression of viral replication, or 'nonreplicative chronic HBV infection'. This 'healthy carrier' state must be...[Show more]
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