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Fire prevention in managed landscapes: Recent success and challenges in Indonesia

Sloan, Sean; Tacconi, Luca; Cattau, Megan E

Description

Indonesian fire events generate significant impacts on ecosystems, society, and climate regionally and globally. Following severe burning in 2015, Indonesia prioritized targeted fire prevention to reduce crop destruction, haze, forest degradation, and carbon emissions. We show that such efforts resulted in a qualified success. Fire activity during 2016–2019 averaged ~23% of expected levels across 627 target communities (11 Mha), waning to 70% during the severe 2019 fire season, which was...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSloan, Sean
dc.contributor.authorTacconi, Luca
dc.contributor.authorCattau, Megan E
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-13T00:27:17Z
dc.identifier.issn1381-2386
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/299475
dc.description.abstractIndonesian fire events generate significant impacts on ecosystems, society, and climate regionally and globally. Following severe burning in 2015, Indonesia prioritized targeted fire prevention to reduce crop destruction, haze, forest degradation, and carbon emissions. We show that such efforts resulted in a qualified success. Fire activity during 2016–2019 averaged ~23% of expected levels across 627 target communities (11 Mha), waning to 70% during the severe 2019 fire season, which was delayed ~30–50 days despite relatively dry conditions. Small/medium-scale and agro-industrial landholdings targeted by fire prevention burned extensively and comparatively, yet they accounted for a relatively limited 12–22% and 18–26% of fire activity over 2013–2017 respectively upon considering fire ignition and dissemination patterns. Small/medium landholdings appeared as a net ‘fire propagator’, with up to half of associated fire activity affecting other lands. Conversely, agro-industrial lands appeared as net ‘fire receivers’, with up to half of their fire activity originating from adjacent degraded lands. Successful fire prevention represents a boon for Indonesian forest restoration and carbon-emission reduction schemes. However, more effective fire prevention must focus on degraded lands vulnerable to the agricultural incursion, from which ignition fires propagate comparably to small/medium landholdings and for which almost half of fire activity stemmed from ignitions thereon.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by funding from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research via grant FST/2016/144, ‘Improving Community Fire Management and Peatland Rehabilitation in Indonesia’, as well as from the Candian Tri-Agency Scientific Funding Body via a Canada Research Chair, ‘The Human Dimensions of Sustainability and Resilience’.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherKluwer Academic Publishers
dc.rights© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2021
dc.sourceMitigation and adaptation strategies for global change
dc.subjectFire prevention
dc.subjectFire management
dc.subjectWildfire
dc.subjectDegraded forest
dc.subjectIndonesia
dc.subjectSmallholder
dc.subjectIndonesia
dc.titleFire prevention in managed landscapes: Recent success and challenges in Indonesia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume26
dc.date.issued2021
local.identifier.absfor410406 - Natural resource management
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB21998
local.publisher.urlhttps://link.springer.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSloan, Sean, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationTacconi, Luca, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationCattau, Megan E, Boise State University
local.description.embargo2099-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue32
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage30
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s11027-021-09965-2
local.identifier.absseo159902 - Ecological economics
dc.date.updated2022-07-31T08:18:01Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85115080609
local.identifier.thomsonIDWOS:000696251900001
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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