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Energy and Human Health

Smith, Kirk R; Frumkin, Howard; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Butler, Colin; Chafe, Zoe; Fairlie, Ian; Kinney, Patrick; Kjellstrom, Tord; Mauzerall, Denise; McKone, Thomas; McMichael, Anthony; Schneider, Mycle

Description

Energy use is central to human society and provides many health benefits. But each source of energy entails some health risks. This article reviews the health impacts of each major source of energy, focusing on those with major implications for the burden of disease globally. The biggest health impacts accrue to the harvesting and burning of solid fuels, coal and biomass, mainly in the form of occupational health risks and household and general ambient air pollution. Lack of access to clean...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSmith, Kirk R
dc.contributor.authorFrumkin, Howard
dc.contributor.authorBalakrishnan, Kalpana
dc.contributor.authorButler, Colin
dc.contributor.authorChafe, Zoe
dc.contributor.authorFairlie, Ian
dc.contributor.authorKinney, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorKjellstrom, Tord
dc.contributor.authorMauzerall, Denise
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMcMichael, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Mycle
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T22:10:53Z
dc.identifier.issn0163-7525
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/29543
dc.description.abstractEnergy use is central to human society and provides many health benefits. But each source of energy entails some health risks. This article reviews the health impacts of each major source of energy, focusing on those with major implications for the burden of disease globally. The biggest health impacts accrue to the harvesting and burning of solid fuels, coal and biomass, mainly in the form of occupational health risks and household and general ambient air pollution. Lack of access to clean fuels and electricity in the world's poor households is a particularly serious risk for health. Although energy efficiency brings many benefits, it also entails some health risks, as do renewable energy systems, if not managed carefully. We do not review health impacts of climate change itself, which are due mostly to climate-altering pollutants from energy systems, but do discuss the potential for achieving near-term health cobenefits by reducing certain climate-related emissions.
dc.publisherAnnual Reviews Inc
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.sourceAnnual Review of Public Health
dc.subjectKeywords: biofuel; coal; fuel; petroleum; air pollution; biomass; climate change; combustion; electricity; energy; fossil; gas; harvest; health; health hazard; household; infection; nuclear energy; occupational hazard; pollutant; priority journal; review; Air Pollu Air pollution; Biomass fuel; Coal; Nuclear energy; Petroleum
dc.titleEnergy and Human Health
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume2013
dc.date.issued2013
local.identifier.absfor119999 - Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4226546xPUB66
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSmith, Kirk R, University of California
local.contributor.affiliationFrumkin, Howard, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention
local.contributor.affiliationBalakrishnan, Kalpana, Sri Ramachandra University
local.contributor.affiliationButler, Colin, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationChafe, Zoe, University of California
local.contributor.affiliationFairlie, Ian, no formal affiliation
local.contributor.affiliationKinney, Patrick, Colombia University
local.contributor.affiliationKjellstrom, Tord, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMauzerall, Denise , Princeton University
local.contributor.affiliationMcKone, Thomas, University of California
local.contributor.affiliationMcMichael, Anthony, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSchneider, Mycle, no formal affiliation
local.bibliographicCitation.issue34
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage159
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage188
local.identifier.doi10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114404
local.identifier.absseo929999 - Health not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T10:47:02Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84875410754
local.identifier.thomsonID000321892700012
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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