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Climatic and Human Influences on Groundwater in Low Atolls

White, Ian; Falkland, Tony; Metutera, Taboia; Metai, Eita; Overmars, Marc; Perez, Pascal; Dray, Anne


Population centers in low, small islands have water supply problems that are among the most critical in the world. Limited land areas and extremely large soil hydraulic conductivities severely reduce surface runoff and surface storage, so that thin lenses of fresh groundwater floating over seawater comprise the major source of fresh water for people in many atolls. Atoll groundwater is extremely vulnerable to frequent El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related droughts, salinization due to...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2007
Type: Journal article
Source: Vadose Zone Journal
DOI: 10.2136/vzj2006.0092


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