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The Three Exit, Three Voice and Loyalty Framework: A Test with Survey Data on Local Services

Dowding, Keith; John, Peter


The article presents a modified Hirschman framework with three types of exit: moving location; moving from the public to a private sector provider; and moving between public sector providers; and three types of voice: private voice (complaining about private goods); voting; and collective action. Seven hypotheses are generated from this framework. The article then presents evidence from the first round of an online survey examining citizen satisfaction with public services and the relationship...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2008
Type: Journal article
Source: Political Studies
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9248.2007.00688.x


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