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Challenges in freshwater management in low coral atolls

White, Ian; Falkland, Tony; Perez, Pascal; Dray, Anne; Metutera, Taboia; Metai, Eita; Overmars, Marc

Description

Population centres in low atoll islands have water supply problems that are amongst the most critical in the world. Fresh groundwater, the major source of water in many atolls, is extremely vulnerable to natural processes and human activities. Storm surges and over-extractions cause seawater intrusion, while human settlements and agriculture can pollute shallow groundwaters. Limited land areas restrict freshwater quantities, particularly in frequent ENSO-related droughts. Demand for freshwater...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorWhite, Ian
dc.contributor.authorFalkland, Tony
dc.contributor.authorPerez, Pascal
dc.contributor.authorDray, Anne
dc.contributor.authorMetutera, Taboia
dc.contributor.authorMetai, Eita
dc.contributor.authorOvermars, Marc
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T22:09:38Z
dc.identifier.issn0959-6526
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/29126
dc.description.abstractPopulation centres in low atoll islands have water supply problems that are amongst the most critical in the world. Fresh groundwater, the major source of water in many atolls, is extremely vulnerable to natural processes and human activities. Storm surges and over-extractions cause seawater intrusion, while human settlements and agriculture can pollute shallow groundwaters. Limited land areas restrict freshwater quantities, particularly in frequent ENSO-related droughts. Demand for freshwater is increasing and availability is extremely limited. At the core of many groundwater management problems are the traditional water ownership rights inherent in land tenure and the conflict between the requirements of urbanised societies and the traditional values and rights of subsistence communities living on groundwater reserves. Resource limitations and geographic isolation restrict the potential for increasing wealth through crop exports. Water governance reforms and the provision of knowledge to communities are critical. Regional water organisations, fostering self-support, are a key to developing island-adopted and owned solutions.
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.sourceJournal of Cleaner Production
dc.subjectKeywords: Drought; Extraction; Groundwater; Salt water intrusion; Water supply; Atolls; Freshwater lens; Water pollution; Anthozoa Atolls; Drought; Freshwater lens; Groundwater; Seawater intrusion; Water pollution
dc.titleChallenges in freshwater management in low coral atolls
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume15
dc.date.issued2006
local.identifier.absfor040603 - Hydrogeology
local.identifier.absfor050209 - Natural Resource Management
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3923986xPUB63
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationWhite, Ian, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationFalkland, Tony, Ecowise Environmental Pty Ltd
local.contributor.affiliationPerez, Pascal, CIRAD
local.contributor.affiliationDray, Anne, CIRAD
local.contributor.affiliationMetutera, Taboia, Public Utilities Board
local.contributor.affiliationMetai, Eita, Public Utilities Board
local.contributor.affiliationOvermars, Marc, South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue16
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1522
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1528
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.07.051
dc.date.updated2015-12-08T07:26:33Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-34248339223
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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