While much cybercrime is committed by individuals acting alone, a signi!cant amount is accomplished by offenders acting in concert. These groups have tended to vary signi!cantly in terms of their structures, their goals, the criminal activities in which they engage, and their organizational life courses. The nature of these collectivities, and the question of whether organized cybercrime constitutes a national security threat, are the subjects of this chapter. The answer will depend on
Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.