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Contesting 'Permit-and-Licence Raj': Economic Conservatism and the Idea of Democracy in 1950s India

Balasubramanian, Aditya


Economic conservatism in India traces its roots in the fragmentation of political consensus following the success of the anti-colonial nationalist movement. Framed in the context of the Cold War, long before the 1991 liberalization reforms, this economic conservatism blended anti-communism, free-market advocacy, and the defence of property. This was expressed as the central agenda of the broadly secular Swatantra Party, an effort to consolidate two-party democracy that emerged by the late 1960s...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2021
Type: Journal article
Source: Past and Present
DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtaa013


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