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Is there a global Safeguard for Development Displacement?

Price, Susanna

Description

Whether projects are publicly or privately financed, no global body is tasked with systematically monitoring the numbers of people displaced, or terms of their displacement in development-induced displacement and resettlement (DIDR). The subsequent outcomes for livelihoods and living standards of the people affected are even more opaque. States rarely disclose the number of their citizens who are developmentally displaced or their fate following displacement, while few corporate voluntary codes...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPrice, Susanna
dc.contributor.editorSatiroglu, I.
dc.contributor.editorChoi, N.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T22:55:22Z
dc.identifier.isbn9781138794153
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/28356
dc.description.abstractWhether projects are publicly or privately financed, no global body is tasked with systematically monitoring the numbers of people displaced, or terms of their displacement in development-induced displacement and resettlement (DIDR). The subsequent outcomes for livelihoods and living standards of the people affected are even more opaque. States rarely disclose the number of their citizens who are developmentally displaced or their fate following displacement, while few corporate voluntary codes of conduct address the risk of displacement. Resettlement safeguards of international financial institutions (IFI), notably the World Bank Group and the regional Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) cover directly only a small percentage of the total globally displacing projects. What does this mean for our understanding of resettlement outcomes? Constrained resources for supervision and monitoring limit the extent to which key IFIs monitor, evaluate and report on DIDR outcomes. Monitoring efforts tend to focus on compliance monitoring rather than outcomes for the lives of people affected. This leaves uncertainty in DIDR outcomes for many IFI-financed projects − and little systematic public reporting for the remaining vast majority of global project investments without direct IFI support. This means, therefore, that we cannot answer affirmatively an important question. Is there globally an effective resettlement safeguard for people displaced by development projects? This absence of an affirmation matters. The reasons are compelling. First, as will be shown, the number of people internally displaced through multiple causes globally is rising. Second, research and practice demonstrate that DIDR is complex and carries multiple risks for those affected. Third, global aid and investment architecture is rapidly changing, with the emergence of innovative financing modalities creating new DIDR risks because of the difficulty of attributing responsibilities for displacement. Fourth, non-traditional donors and financiers from emerging economies and organizations are creating new patterns of operation, with consequent ambiguities for DIDR. Fifth, liberalization of land markets and escalating FDI bring more foreign land ownership, partnerships or leasing to the developing world with sometimes devastating effects for communities.
dc.publisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
dc.relation.ispartofDevelopment-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: New Perspectives on Persisting Problems
dc.relation.isversionof1st Edition
dc.titleIs there a global Safeguard for Development Displacement?
dc.typeBook chapter
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
dc.date.issued2015
local.identifier.absfor160512 - Social Policy
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5025248xPUB57
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationPrice, Susanna, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage127
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage141
local.identifier.doi10.4324/9781315760520
local.identifier.absseo949999 - Law, Politics and Community Services not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2020-12-13T07:29:25Z
local.bibliographicCitation.placeofpublicationNew York America
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84942900367
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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