Extracellular vesicles from the apoplastic fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici
Background: The fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici is a signifcant constraint to wheat production in temperate cropping regions around the world. Despite its agronomic impacts, the mechanisms allowing the pathogen to asymptomatically invade and grow in the apoplast of wheat leaves before causing extensive host cell death remain elusive. Given recent evidence of extracellular vesicles (EVs)—secreted, membrane-bound nanoparticles containing molecular cargo—being implicated in extracellular...[Show more]
|Background: The fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici is a signifcant constraint to wheat production in temperate cropping regions around the world. Despite its agronomic impacts, the mechanisms allowing the pathogen to asymptomatically invade and grow in the apoplast of wheat leaves before causing extensive host cell death remain elusive. Given recent evidence of extracellular vesicles (EVs)—secreted, membrane-bound nanoparticles containing molecular cargo—being implicated in extracellular communication between plants and fungal pathogen, we have initiated an in vitro investigation of EVs from this apoplastic fungal wheat pathogen. We aimed to isolate EVs from Z. tritici broth cultures and examine their protein composition in relation to the soluble protein in the culture fltrate and to existing fungal EV proteomes. Results: Zymoseptoria tritici EVs were isolated from broth culture fltrates using diferential ultracentrifugation (DUC) and examined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). Z. tritici EVs were observed as a heterogeneous population of particles, with most between 50 and 250 nm. These particles were found in abundance in the culture fltrates of viable Z. tritici cultures, but not heat-killed cultures incubated for an equivalent time and of comparable biomass. Bottom-up proteomic analysis using LC–MS/MS, followed by stringent fltering revealed 240 Z. tritici EV proteins. These proteins were distinct from soluble proteins identifed in Z. tritici culture fltrates, but were similar to proteins identifed in EVs from other fungi, based on sequence similarity analyses. Notably, a putative marker protein recently identifed in Candida albicans EVs was also consistently detected in Z. tritici EVs. Conclusion: We have shown EVs can be isolated from the devastating fungal wheat pathogen Z. tritici and are similar to protein composition to previously characterised fungal EVs. EVs from human pathogenic fungi are implicated in virulence, but the role of EVs in the interaction of phytopathogenic fungi and their hosts is unknown. These in vitro analyses provide a basis for expanding investigations of Z. tritici EVs in planta, to examine their involvement in the infection process of this apoplastic wheat pathogen and more broadly, advance understanding of noncanonical secretion in flamentous plant pathogens
|EHH was supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship and a Grains Research and Development Corp. (GRDC) Grains Research Scholarship (GRS)
|© The Author(s) 2020.
|Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
|Extracellular vesicles from the apoplastic fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici
|Imported from ARIES
|310806 - Plant physiology
|Hill, Erin, College of Science, ANU
|Solomon, Peter, College of Science, ANU
|260312 - Wheat
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|Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
|ANU Research Publications
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