Skip navigation
Skip navigation

The biological standard of living in China during the 20th century

van der Eng, Pierre; Sohn, Kitae


This article uses the mean age at menarche of women in China as an indicator of changes in the standard of living during the 20th century. It discusses the difficulties of using this indicator. It finds that the mean age of menarche stagnated at 16 to 17 years for women born during the period between the 1880s and 1930s. The age at menarche decreased in some urban areas, indicating improving living standards in, for example, Beijing and Shanghai. The mean age at menarche increased for 1940s'...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2020
Type: Journal article
Source: The China Quarterly
DOI: 10.1017/S0305741019000432


File Description SizeFormat Image
the-biological-standard-of-living-in-china-during-the-20th-century.pdf587.79 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy

Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  17 November 2022/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator