Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition solutions, formula milks, and human breast milk contain insufficient iodine to meet recommended intakes for preterm infants. Iodine deficiency may exacerbate transient hypothyroxinaemia in preterm infants and this may be associated with adverse respiratory or neurological outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials that dietary supplementation with iodine reduces mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. SEARCH STRATEGY: We...[Show more]
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