Land, labour and capital: Small and large-scale miners in Papua New Guinea
This paper provides the first detailed characterisation of the interface dynamics between artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) and large-scale mining (LSM) activities in Papua New Guinea, recently termed ‘ASM-LSM interfaces’. We characterise these interfaces across the project lifecycle at operational, non-operating, and future mines. Despite industry commitment to contemporary standards for social responsibility, our study shows that large-scale miners actively co-construct ASM-LSM...[Show more]
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