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Earliest Olduvai hominins exploited unstable environments ~ 2 million years ago

Mercader, Julio; Akuku, Pam; Boivin, Nicole L.; Bugumba, Revocatus; Bushozi, Pastory; Carmacho, Alfredo; Carter, Tristan; Clarke, Siobhan; Cueva-Temprana, Arturo; Durkin, Paul; Favreau, Julien; Fella, Kelvin; Haberle, Simon; Hubbard, Stephen; Inwood, Jamie; Itambu, Makarius; Koromo, Samson; Lee, Patrick; Mohammed, Abdallah; Mwambwiga, Aloyce; Olesilau, Lucas; Patalano, Robert; Roberts, Patrick; Rule, Susan; Saladie, Palmira; Siljedal, Gunnar; Soto, Maria; Umbsaar, Jonathan; Petraglia, Michael

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Rapid environmental change is a catalyst for human evolution, driving dietary innovations, habitat diversification, and dispersal. However, there is a dearth of information to assess hominin adaptions to changing physiography during key evolutionary stages such as the early Pleistocene. Here we report a multiproxy dataset from Ewass Oldupa, in the Western Plio-Pleistocene rift basin of Olduvai Gorge (now Oldupai), Tanzania, to address this lacuna and offer an ecological perspective on human...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMercader, Julio
dc.contributor.authorAkuku, Pam
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nicole L.
dc.contributor.authorBugumba, Revocatus
dc.contributor.authorBushozi, Pastory
dc.contributor.authorCarmacho, Alfredo
dc.contributor.authorCarter, Tristan
dc.contributor.authorClarke, Siobhan
dc.contributor.authorCueva-Temprana, Arturo
dc.contributor.authorDurkin, Paul
dc.contributor.authorFavreau, Julien
dc.contributor.authorFella, Kelvin
dc.contributor.authorHaberle, Simon
dc.contributor.authorHubbard, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorInwood, Jamie
dc.contributor.authorItambu, Makarius
dc.contributor.authorKoromo, Samson
dc.contributor.authorLee, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, Abdallah
dc.contributor.authorMwambwiga, Aloyce
dc.contributor.authorOlesilau, Lucas
dc.contributor.authorPatalano, Robert
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorRule, Susan
dc.contributor.authorSaladie, Palmira
dc.contributor.authorSiljedal, Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorSoto, Maria
dc.contributor.authorUmbsaar, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorPetraglia, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-06T23:34:52Z
dc.date.available2021-12-06T23:34:52Z
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/254964
dc.description.abstractRapid environmental change is a catalyst for human evolution, driving dietary innovations, habitat diversification, and dispersal. However, there is a dearth of information to assess hominin adaptions to changing physiography during key evolutionary stages such as the early Pleistocene. Here we report a multiproxy dataset from Ewass Oldupa, in the Western Plio-Pleistocene rift basin of Olduvai Gorge (now Oldupai), Tanzania, to address this lacuna and offer an ecological perspective on human adaptability two million years ago. Oldupai's earliest hominins sequentially inhabited the floodplains of sinuous channels, then river-influenced contexts, which now comprises the oldest palaeolake setting documented regionally. Early Oldowan tools reveal a homogenous technology to utilise diverse, rapidly changing environments that ranged from fern meadows to woodland mosaics, naturally burned landscapes, to lakeside woodland/palm groves as well as hyper-xeric steppes. Hominins periodically used emerging landscapes and disturbance biomes multiple times over 235,000 years, thus predating by more than 180,000 years the earliest known hominins and Oldowan industries from the Eastern side of the basin.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council under its Partnership Grant Program no. 895-2016-1017. Pam Akuku and Palmira Saladié are supported by AGAUR (project no. 2017 SGR-1040) and the URV (2018PFR-URV-B2-91). Pam Akuku's doctoral program is funded by the Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Ltd
dc.rights© 2021 The Author(s)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceNature Communications
dc.titleEarliest Olduvai hominins exploited unstable environments ~ 2 million years ago
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume12
dc.date.issued2021-01-07
local.identifier.absfor370905 - Quaternary environments
local.identifier.absfor430102 - Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB17250
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.nature.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationMercader, Julio, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationAkuku, Pam, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES)
local.contributor.affiliationBoivin, Nicole L., Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationBugumba, Revocatus, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism
local.contributor.affiliationBushozi, Pastory, University of Dar es Salaam
local.contributor.affiliationCarmacho, Alfredo, University of Manitoba
local.contributor.affiliationCarter, Tristan, McMaster University
local.contributor.affiliationClarke, Siobhan, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationCueva-Temprana, Arturo, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationDurkin, Paul, University of Manitoba
local.contributor.affiliationFavreau, Julien, McMaster University
local.contributor.affiliationFella, Kelvin, University of Dar es Salaam
local.contributor.affiliationHaberle, Simon, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHubbard, Stephen, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationInwood, Jamie, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationItambu, Makarius, University of Dar es Salaam
local.contributor.affiliationKoromo, Samson, University of Iringa
local.contributor.affiliationLee, Patrick, University of Toronto
local.contributor.affiliationMohammed, Abdallah, University of Dar es Salaam
local.contributor.affiliationMwambwiga, Aloyce, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationOlesilau, Lucas, University of Iringa
local.contributor.affiliationPatalano, Robert, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationRoberts, Patrick, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationRule, Susan, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSaladie, Palmira, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES)
local.contributor.affiliationSiljedal, Gunnar, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationSoto, Maria, Madrid Institute for Advanced Study
local.contributor.affiliationUmbsaar, Jonathan, University of Calgary
local.contributor.affiliationPetraglia, Michael, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage15
local.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-020-20176-2
dc.date.updated2021-12-03T03:49:40Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85098844462
local.identifier.thomsonID000684636100001
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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