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An integrated approach to improving rural livelihoods: Examples from India and Bangladesh

Croke, Barry; Merritt, Wendy; Cornish, Peter Stuart; Syme, Geoff; Roth, Christian

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This paper presents an overview of work in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and SW Bangladesh through a series of projects from 2005 to the present, considering the impact of farming systems, water shed development and/or agricultural intensification on livelihoods in selected rural areas of India and Bangladesh. The projects spanned a range of scales spanning from the village scale (∼  1 km2) to the meso-scale (∼  100 km2), and considered social as well as biophysical aspects. They focused mainly...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorCroke, Barry
dc.contributor.authorMerritt, Wendy
dc.contributor.authorCornish, Peter Stuart
dc.contributor.authorSyme, Geoff
dc.contributor.authorRoth, Christian
dc.contributor.editorCroke B. Jewitt G.
dc.coverage.spatialPort Elizabeth, South Africa
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-19T00:51:45Z
dc.date.available2021-10-19T00:51:45Z
dc.date.created10 July 2017 through 14 July 2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/251009
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents an overview of work in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and SW Bangladesh through a series of projects from 2005 to the present, considering the impact of farming systems, water shed development and/or agricultural intensification on livelihoods in selected rural areas of India and Bangladesh. The projects spanned a range of scales spanning from the village scale (∼  1 km2) to the meso-scale (∼  100 km2), and considered social as well as biophysical aspects. They focused mainly on the food and water part of the food-water-energy nexus. These projects were in collaboration with a range of organisations in India and Bangladesh, including NGOs, universities, and government research organisations and departments. The projects were part funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, and built on other projects that have been undertaken within the region. An element of each of these projects was to understand how the hydrological cycle could be managed sustainably to improve agricultural systems and livelihoods of marginal groups. As such, they evaluated appropriate technology that is generally not dependent on high-energy inputs (mechanisation). This includes assessing the availability of water, and identifying potential water resources that have not been developed; understanding current agricultural systems and investigating ways of improving water use efficiency; and understanding social dynamics of the affected communities including the potential opportunities and negative impacts of watershed development and agricultural development.
dc.description.sponsorshiphe authors acknowledge funding from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research for projects: Water harvesting and better cropping systems for smallholders of the East India Plateau (LWR/2002/100), Impacts of meso-scale Watershed Development (WSD) in Andhra Pradesh (India) and their implications for designing and implementing improved WSD policies and programs (LWR/2006/072), and Promoting socially inclusive and sustainable agricultural intensification in West Bengal and Bangladesh (LWR/2014/072).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIAHS Scientific Assembly 2017
dc.rights© Author(s) 2018.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceProceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences
dc.source.urihttps://www.proceedings-iahs.net/index.html
dc.titleAn integrated approach to improving rural livelihoods: Examples from India and Bangladesh
dc.typeConference paper
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor079901 - Agricultural Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB10228
local.publisher.urlhttps://publications.copernicus.org/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationCroke, Barry, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMerritt, Wendy, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationCornish, Peter Stuart, University of Western Sydney
local.contributor.affiliationSyme, Geoff, Edith Cowan University
local.contributor.affiliationRoth, Christian, CSIRO Land and Water
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage45
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage50
local.identifier.doi10.5194/piahs-376-45-2018
dc.date.updated2020-11-23T11:32:43Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85047308946
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceThis work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons License (Attribution 4.0 International)
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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